Gender Aspects stand for promoting equality between women and men. This is a long-term process and a matter of both taking account of the equality perspectives in our everyday activities and putting gender equality into practice. Regarding the scientific community in particular, gender equality is a matter of improving scientific excellence and increasing the number of women in science, research and innovation. The She Figures have shown that the number of women in grade A research positions has increased over the years in all EU Member States. However, throughout the EU Member States, female researchers are still underrepresented in top-level research and decision-making positions. In order to improve gender equality at European level, European efforts aim at culture change in higher education and research organisations.