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10 Dec 2018

"Women in Digital" scoreboard: participation of women in digital economy still lagging behind

On 10 December 2018, the European Commission (EC) presented the first edition of its annual Women in Digital scoreboard analysing the participation of women in the digital economy. The scoreboard assesses the inclusion of women in digital jobs, careers and entrepreneurship, analysing the EU Member States' performance in the areas of internet use and internet user skills, as well as specialist skills and employment, based on 13 indicators.

The 2018 Scoreboard shows that women's participation in the digital field is lagging behind in several areas. Only 1 in 6 ICT (Information and Communication Technology) specialists and only 1 in 3 STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) graduate is a woman. Women in the ICT sector earn almost 20% less than men.

According to the Scoreboard, the countries with the highest scores were Finland, Sweden, Luxembourg and Denmark, while Bulgaria, Romania, Greece and Italy had the lowest scores. Austria is in 13th place. Moreover, the study also finds a strong correlation between the scoreboard and the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), insofar as Member States leading in digital competitiveness are also leaders in female participation in the digital sector.

Among the main results, the scoreboard shows that:

  • There is a gender gap in all 13 indicators at EU level, with some exceptions at country level:
    • In Finland, Estonia and Bulgaria women are more active internet users than men;
    • In Latvia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Lithuania and Cyprus women score more highly on digital skills than men.
  • The gender gap is the largest in the area of ICT specialist skills and employment: 76 % for ICT specialists and 47 % for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics graduates.
  • The difference in digital participation between women and men within the younger age group (16 to 24) is smaller in relative terms (55% of women compared to 60% of men). In certain countries, the trend is even starting to reverse, with women outperforming men in this category.

For more information:

EC - press release

EC Factsheet on EU actions to promote Women in Digital

More information on Women in Digital scoreboard

Country Reports of Women in Digital scoreboard

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