Austrian research intensity expected to increase to 3.14% in 2017
Statistics Austria, the Austrian statistical office, is expecting research intensity in Austria to amount to around €11.33 billion in 2017, which corresponds to 3.14% of the gross domestic product (GDP). This means that Austria's research intensity will be well above the European target for 2020 of 3%, but below the national Austrian goal of reaching 3.76% by 2020 (by comparison, research intensity in 1997 was 1.66%, and in 2007 2.43%).
Austrian research intensity has been above 3% since 2014. Statistics Austria expects a slight increase from 3.12% in 2016 to 3.14% in 2017. The business enterprise sector provides 48.2% of research funding (approximately €5.46 billion), the government sector 36% (around €4.08 billion). While the increase of public funding in the previous year was only 2.2%, it is assumed that it will increase by 5.2% from 2016 to 2017. A substantial reason for this effect is the expected increase of the payout of the research premium, which increased from 10% to 12% for R&D, performed from 2016 onwards. 15.4% of R&D funding (approx. €1.74 billion) originates from abroad, including receipts from EU research programmes.
2015 is the most recent year for which internationally comparable figures for national research intensities are available. In this year, Austria came second at 3.12% after Sweden (3.26%). The average R&D intensity for the EU-28 was 2.03% in 2015. The level of research intensity does not only depend on the level of the R&D expenditure spent in a specific country, but to a high degree also on the actual and estimated development of GDP.
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