EUROSTAT publishes Regional Yearbook 2015
EUROSTAT, the European Commission's statistics office, has published the "Eurostat regional yearbook 2015: A statistical portrait of the EU across the regional spectrum".
The regional yearbook, which is published annually by Eurostat, reflects the EU's considerable emphasis on regional policies. It provides an overview of European regional statistics, covering a wide range of fields. It is thus a helpful tool to understand the regional diversity that exists within the EU and also shows that considering national figures does not always reveal the full and sometimes complex picture of what is happening across the EU. The report contains statistics for the 272 NUTS level 2 regions and, for some indicators, the 1 315 NUTS level 3 regions of the 28 Member States of the EU as well as, when available, the regions in EFTA and candidate countries. The 2015 edition contains a new chapter on EU regional policies and the local dimension of the Europe 2020 strategy. In addition to the regional yearbook, Eurostat offers two interactive applications on its website for visualising and analysing sub-national data: Regional Statistics Illustrated and the Statistical Atlas.
The Regional Yearbook includes a chapter on R&D intensity. In 2012, the EU regions with the highest intensity in Research & Development (R&D) were Province Brabant Wallon in Belgium (R&D expenditure accounted for 7.8% of GDP), Braunschweig (7.3%) and Stuttgart (6.2%) both in Germany. Among the thirteen EU regions with a share of R&D expenditure above 4% of GDP, six were located in Germany, two in the United Kingdom and one each in Belgium, Denmark, France, Austria (Steiermark) and Sweden. Overall in the EU, 35 regions had R&D intensity above 3% of GDP.
On the opposite end of the scale, Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta in Spain, Sud-Est in Romania, Ionia Nisia in Greece and Severen tsentralen in Bulgaria (all around 0.1%) were the EU regions recording the lowest R&D intensity. Among the 10 EU regions with a share of R&D expenditure below 0.2% of GDP, three were located in Bulgaria, two each in Greece, Spain and Romania and one in Poland.
The Member States with the largest regional disparities for R&D expenditure expressed as percentage of GDP were Belgium (7.8% for the region with the highest R&D intensity vs. 0.4% for the region with the lowest) and Germany (with a 6.6 pp difference), followed at a distance by France (4.5 pp), the United Kingdom (4.4 pp), Denmark (3.8 pp), Finland (3.6 pp), Sweden (3.5 pp) and Austria (3.4 pp difference between Steiermark at 4.2% and Burgenland at 0.8%).
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