26 Feb 2019
Eurostat: Regional GDP per capita ranged from 31% to 626% of EU average in 2017
Eurostat, the European statistics office, has released new statistics on the variation of regional GDP per capita within the EU Member States.
In 2017, regional GDP per capita, expressed in terms of purchasing power standards, ranged from 31% of the European Union (EU) average in the Bulgarian region of North-West, to 626% of the average in Inner London - West in the United Kingdom. Eurostat has found a considerable variation both in the EU and within the Member States.
The leading regions in the ranking of regional GDP per capita in 2017, after Inner London - West (626% of the average), were Luxembourg (253%), Southern in Ireland (220%), Hamburg (202%), Brussels Region (196%), Eastern & Midland in Ireland (189%), and Prague (187%). 21 regions had a GDP per capita of 50% or more above the EU average in 2017. Of these 21 regions, five were in Germany, two each in Ireland, Austria (Vienna and Salzburg at 151% each), the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, and one each in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Slovakia, Poland and Sweden as well as Luxembourg.
In all Member States where there is more than one region at NUTS2 level, the highest GDP per capita is in the capital region, except Berlin in Germany and Lazio in Italy.
The lowest-ranking regions after North-West in Bulgaria (31% of the average) were Mayotte in France and North-Central in Bulgaria (both 34%), and South-Central also in Bulgaria (35%). Among the 20 regions with a GDP per capita below 50% of the EU average, five were in Bulgaria, four each in Greece and Hungary, three in Poland, two each in France and Romania.
Eurostat points out that it should be noted that in some regions the GDP per capita figures can be significantly influenced by commuter flows. Net commuter inflows in these regions push up production to a level that could not be achieved by the resident active population on its own. There is a corresponding effect in regions with commuter outflows.
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