Co-publication and co-patenting analysis among countries in the Danube Region
The study underlying this deliverable scrutinises both the co-publications and the co-patents in Danube Region Countries and the Western Balkan countries for the years of 2003-2013. Each analysis has its distinct methodology and yields specific results which are briefly presented below.
The methodology of the co-publication analysis, presented as a first input, is based on the two main academic citation databases, namely Web of Science and Scopus. The unification of the data of those two sources is fairly unique and entails a number of complex operations to ensure the quality and compatibility of the data, which goes hand in hand with a considerable data normalisation effort. The gain achieved by this unification both in terms of quantity (a roughly 25 % higher publication coverage) and quality (each data source can be taken as a quality check for the other or as an additional source for missing information) is well worth the effort.
The actual analysis of the publication data was carried out along several dimensions: overall co-publication output numbers per country to provide an overview, the internationalisation of publications, the strongest co-publication links among the countries under scrutiny, main scientific research fields, and finally some highlights regarding scientific impact.
As regards the overall co-publication output, the results suggest three country groupings: (1) Austria, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, and Ukraine; (2) Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria; and (3) Bosnia and Herzegovina, FYR of Macedonia, Albania, Moldova, Montenegro, and Kosovo*. However, a common denominator for all of the country groupings is the growth rate which remains relatively stable over the covered period of time.